Rod Ellis is Distinguished Professor of Applied Language Studies in the University of Auckland, and also Cheung Kong Scholar Chair Professor at Shanghai International Studies University. His published works include numerous articles and books on second language acquisition and language teaching. His most recent book is Exploring Language Pedagogy through Second Language Acquisition Research (with Natsuko Shintani) published by Routledge. He has also recently been elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand.
Abstract: Implicit and Explicit Grammar Instruction
This talk will examine two types of grammar instruction - explicit instruction and implicit instruction. Various types of explicit instruction are considered – presentation-practice-production, integrated explicit instruction, concept-based instruction, comprehension-based instruction, pattern-practice and consciousness-raising instruction and corrective feedback – and examples of studies that have investigated these are provided. The theoretical basis for implicit grammar instruction is then discussed before examining two ways in which grammar can be taught implicitly – text enhancement and task-based teaching. Again, sample research studies are considered. I conclude the talk by addressing the relative effectiveness of direct (explicit) and indirect (implicit) intervention in grammar learning. I argue that a balanced language curriculum that includes both explicit and implicit instructional components is most likely to ensure that the instruction results in successful L2 development.